A survey of 300 workers also found that extroverts were happier in their work and had higher levels of job satisfaction.
John Hackson, of business psychologists OPP, said his research revealed that workers reacted differently to policies such as clearing desks or having open plan floors.
Almost everyone polled said they preferred to have their own desk and quiet areas in an office.
Hackson said at the British Psychological Society's occupational psychology conference in Nottingham: "Despite changes in technology, many people still work in an office.
"Understanding how personality interacts with the office environment is key to improving job satisfaction and productivity.
"These results support previous research into the unpopularity of open plan offices and hot desking.
"There are some simple changes that can be made to improve staff satisfaction and increase productivity, such as allowing staff more storage for personal items when hot desking, and not overdoing clear desk policies."
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