Ralf Speth, chief executive of JLR has urged the Government to invest £450m in infrastructure to help bring the plans to fruition.
Speth said the plans could help the UK fight off competition from other countries in a bid to become a world leader in electric cars, saying: "The German government wants to be ahead in this, we are in a race. Either we win or we lose."
He told political and automotive leaders that JLR’s planned Midlands expansion would require improvements in local infrastructure and significant investment.
JLR’s plans could provide a boost to the UK economy following the Brexit vote, which was predicted to deter companies from investing in the UK.
The company confirmed it intended to create 10,000 jobs as part of the planned expansion in the Midlands.
Martin Yardley, chief executive of the Coventry and Warwickshire Local Enterprise Partnership, said the first stage of the expansion could potentially create as many as 100,000 more jobs in the supply chain.
The carmaker’s announcement comes just one month after Japanese manufacturer Nissan announced it will build two new models at its Sunderland plant.
JLR’s plans include building test centres and research facilities on a 60-acre site close to its Coventry headquarters. In the longer term its more ambitious goal is to build a battery manufacturing plant on a new site that could eventually extend to production lines for electric vehicles.
Mr Speth said: "We want to build our EVs (electric vehicles) in the West Midlands, in the home of our design and engineering."