Amner, a partner with MacRoberts Solicitors, is regarded as one of Scotland’s leading transport, environmental and parliamentary lawyers.
He succeeds Vic Emery, former chair of the Scottish Police Authority. His deputy for the term will be Jim McHarg, head of learning and HR business partner at Weir Group.
At its AGM, the chamber also made two new additions to its board and elected three new directors to its ruling council.
The new members are Amanda McMillan, managing director of Glasgow Airport and chief executive of AGS Airports Limited, and Isabella Miller, head of branch at John Lewis Glasgow.
Amner said: “I am excited to become chamber president, and impressed by the additions to our board and ruling council.
“They join us at a time of major development for the chamber, where we will focus on increasing our influence as a delivery and policy partner in championing Glasgow and achieving the aims and objectives of the city’s economic strategy.”
Chamber chief executive Stuart Patrick added: “In Neil Amner and Jim McHarg we have a highly-experienced pairing at the helm.
“Neil is a recognised authority on transport and the environment and will bring that expertise to vital issues like High Speed Rail and the rail link to Glasgow Airport.
“Jim heads up the important skills agenda at a leading Scottish listed company. I know that with these new appointments and our board and council members we have a top team ready to meet all the challenges.
“At this point I would like to especially recognise the contribution made to the chamber and to Glasgow over recent years by Scott Taylor, who is stepping down from our board and soon from Glasgow City Marketing Bureau.
“What he has brought to both will be valued for many years.”