WWF Scotland director Lang Banks said: "These figures underline the importance of low-carbon businesses to Scotland and the rest of the UK, by helping grow our economy and creating jobs.
"However, if we are to enjoy the multiple benefits of the transition to a zero-carbon future, we need our political leaders to commit to a renewable energy future by bringing forward the policies to realise our potential."
He said Scotland could become the EU's first fully renewable electricity nation by 2030, but only if Scottish ministers committed to the shift and ensured their forthcoming energy strategy focused on renewables, reducing demand and developing energy storage.
In Wales, some 3,500 business were involved in the low carbon economy, providing 9,500 jobs and in Northern Ireland 2,000 companies were active in the sector, sustaining the equivalent of 6,500 full time jobs, the figures reveal.
The UK low carbon economy is worth £46.2 billion and sustains 238,500 jobs, official figures show.
Some 96,500 businesses were operating in the low carbon sector - from renewables such as wind and solar power to electric vehicles - in 2014, the most recent year for which figures were available.
A third of those (34%) were primarily focused on low carbon business, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) data show.
Energy efficiency products was the biggest sector, generating £21.9 billion in turnover and employing the equivalent of 155,500 people, while renewable energy generated £15.9 billion turnover and sustained the equivalent of 43,500 full-time jobs.
Overall more than 4% of non-financial sector businesses were active in the low carbon and renewable energy sector, and it generated 1.3% of non-financial turnover.
The sector generated exports worth nearly £4.8 billion and imports of £5.9 billion, with l ow emission vehicles taking the lion's share of exports, accounting for 60% or £2.9 billion, the figures show.