Norway and the Netherlands will ban new sales of petrol and diesel cars by 2025, India by 2030, Scotland and Sweden intend to enforce a ban by 2032, with the rest of the UK and France following by 2040.
Germany may also push to end sales of gas and diesel cars by 2030, but there is strong opposition, as half of its electricity is derived from coal.
Norway already leads the world by powering almost a third of every new car sold electrically.
India not only wants to end the sale of internal combustion vehicles but convert or replace all other vehicles already on the road by the end of the next decade; an ambitious target!
China has recently intimated that electric and hybrid petrol-electric vehicles will make up 8% of each carmaker's output in 2018, 10% in 2019 and 12% in 2020.
Volvo has announced that they will manufacture only electric or hybrid cars from 2019. New Jaguar Land Rover models are to be electric or hybrid from 2020. BMW intends to produce 25 electrified vehicles in its range by 2025, with 12 of these being fully electric.
Audi is developing a solar technology that could help to drastically improve the range of its electric cars.
Volkswagen plans to invest more than 20 billion euros in zero-emission vehicles by 2030.
Dyson has just announced plans to invest £2.5bn on a 'radically different' electric car; no prototype has yet been built, but the electric motor has been developed, and two different battery types are under development.
VW spends $15 billion a year on research and development - Toyota spends almost $10 billion.
The competition will no doubt drive Tesla forward in its ambitions to produce half a million cars per year by the end of 2018.
Aside from the obvious transportation infrastructure and energy generation capacity issues, the problem with electric vehicles remains the high cost of production; Tesla has yet to generate an operating profit.
However, there is significant research and development underway, with innovations in vehicle design and more efficient lower weight batteries increasing the range of the vehicles and lowering production costs faster than anticipated.
In addition, the simpler construction of electric vehicles, with fewer moving parts, could also mean that manufacturing will become less expensive, with powertrain manufacturing more likely to be outsourced by the vehicle manufacturer.
The supply chain will need to adapt to the different core technologies, with the components required to manufacture an electric vehicle being very different: batteries, chemical processes, electric motors and semiconductors in place of traditional engine components and gearboxes.
Over the last 10 years, Jumpstart has been working with clients within the automotive industry, who have been undertaking research and development concerning:
Resolving issues relating to:
We have a team of technical analysts, qualified engineers and technicians, who understand the industry and what HMRC is looking for.
They investigate processes and technology in detail and help construct a robust case to present to HMRC. It allows our clients to continue to invest in further research and development which helps grow their business.
There are exciting times ahead within the automotive industry, and we look forward to continuing our involvement in this sector.
So, is the internal combustion engine dead?
Look behind the headlines and you will see that some of these bold and ambitious targets do not necessarily imply the immediate death of the internal combustion engine, but rather the adoption of hybrid technologies and the phasing in of fully electric cars through the introduction of new models.
Existing, internal combustion engine vehicles will still be produced until the public’s appetite wanes.
There is no doubt that advances in electric vehicle car performance and transportation infrastructure will lead to a saturation of the marketplace, but there will always be a demand for internal combustion engine cars, albeit a much reduced one, specialising in supply to a nostalgic petrol-head buyer, like myself!
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