The university will receive £778,552 and is one of 40 universities which will share a £167m allocation supporting doctoral training over a two year period.
A further £37m is to be put into developing the graduate skills, specialist equipment and facilities that will put UK Quantum Technologies research at the forefront of the field.
Universities and science minister Jo Johnson, said: “We are committed to securing the UK’s position as a world leader in science and innovation, and supporting the vital work of scientists in Aston University is key to this.
“This £778,552 of funding for Aston University will enable them to take on more Doctoral students to support their most promising research, leading to new discoveries and commercial partnerships.
“It will also give more students the chance to study at PhD level, boosting high level skills in science and engineering and supporting jobs and growth.”
The funds for doctoral training will come from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) which has changed how funding is allocated through its Doctoral Training Partnerships (DTPs).
The DTP funds will support students for the academic years beginning October 2016 and 2017. The changes have been made to give institutions greater certainty and increased time to plan their DTP programmes.
The Quantum Technologies funding is split between three Quantum Training & Skills Hubs in Quantum Systems Engineering, and seven strategic capital investment packages.
The hubs will receive £12m and £25m will be allocated via capital.